Last update February 2021
EU still refers to the EU28
Specific consumption of new cars by country
- Average specific consumption of new cars is below 5 l/100km in most European countries, with Portugal and Denmark in the lower range (4.3l/100km and 4.4l/100km, respectively).
- At EU level, new cars consume 2 l/100km less in 2018 than in 2000 (5 l/100km vs 7 l/100km);
Specific consumption of new cars (2018)
- Reduction of new cars specific consumption was the strongest between 2007 and 2016 (3.1%/year, compared to 1.5% between 2000 and 2007 at EU level), as a result of EU regulations (labeling and standard), national fiscal incentives and higher fuel prices.
Trends in specific consumption of new cars
- However, since 2016, the average consumption of new cars is in an ascending rate (+2.2%/an), that can be explained by a larger share of SUVs in new cars sales (with higher specific consumptions) and also a higher share of gasoline cars, which specific consumption is higher than diesel cars.