Specific consumption of new cars by country

  • Average specific consumption of new cars is below 5.5 l/100km in most EU countries, with Denmark and Portugal in the lower range (4.4l/100km and 4.6l/100km, respectively)
  • At EU level, new cars consume 1.9 l/100km less in 2019 than in 2000 (5.1 l/100km compared to 7 l/100km).

Specific consumption of new cars (2019)

  • Reduction of new cars specific consumption was the strongest between 2007 and 2016 (3.1%/year compared to 1.5% between 2000 and 2007 at EU level), as a result of EU regulations (labeling and standards), national fiscal incentives and rising fuel prices.

Trends in specific consumption of new cars

  • However, since 2016, the average consumption of new cars is in an ascending rate (+2.6%/an), that can be explained by a larger share of SUVs in new cars sales (with higher specific consumptions) and also a higher share of gasoline cars, which specific consumption is higher than diesel cars. 

Long term specific consumption trends of new cars