Drivers of goods energy consumption variation

  • The energy consumption of freight transport increased by 11 Mtoe between 2000 and 2019. This is the result of two opposite trends: the increase in traffic in ton-km and, to a lesser extent, modal shift to road transport have contributed to raise consumption (by 23 and 4 Mtoe, respectively), while energy savings have decreased consumption by 17 Mtoe. 

Decomposition of energy consumption for freight (EU)