Drivers of goods energy consumption variation

The energy consumption of freight transport increased by 9 Mtoe between 2000 and 2018. 

This is the result of two opposite trends: the increase in traffic in ton-km and, to a lesser extent, modal shift to road transport have contributed to raise consumption (by 22 and 3 Mtoe, respectively), while energy savings have decreased consumption by 17 Mtoe.

Decomposition of energy consumption for freight (EU)