Last update February 2021
EU still refers to the EU28
Energy efficiency index for transport
- Energy efficiency improvement of 0.6%/year between 2000 and 2018, as measured by ODEX that combines the energy efficiency trends of the different modes of transport (cars, trucks and light vehicles, bus, motorcycles, air, waterways, rail).
- Important energy efficiency progress were achieved in rail transport (2.2%/year) and domestic air (1.1%/year). Road transport energy efficiency progress was slower, in particular for cars (0.4%/year).
- After a slow down for trucks and light vehicles since 2005, with no more efficiency progress between 2008 and 2012 because of the economic crisis, energy efficiency is improving again.
Energy efficiency index by mode (EU)
Discrepancies in energy efficiency gains in EU countries: from around 3%/year in Greece and Romania to less than 0.5%/year in Czechia, Luxembourg, The Netherlands, Belgium and Denmark.