Energy consumption trends in EU

Decrease of industrial consumption between 2003 and 2015. Increasing trends since then.

  • The energy consumption of industry has been fluctuating a lot since 2000 and was in 2021 around 10% lower than in 2000 and almost at the same level as in 2010.
  • It had decreased between 2007 and 2009, with the global financial crisis, and from 2011 to 2014, with a reduction in industrial activity. It then rose between 2014 and 2018, following a strong growth in industrial activity, and decreased again between 2018 and 2020 due to a slowdown in industrial growth and the Covid crisis, and rebounded in 2021 (+5%).
  • Electricity followed the same trend as total consumption. 

Energy consumption and activity in industry (2000 = 100)