Relative levels of energy intensities by branch (machinery = 1) in the EU

  • Primary metals, the most energy intensive branch, require around 27 times more energy to produce one unit of value added than machinery, the second lowest energy intensive branch. Transport equipment is the only branch with a lower intensity than machinery.
  • Non-metallic minerals are 17 times more intensive and paper 16 times.
  • Due to that fact, a reduction in the share of energy intensive branches in the industrial value added with an increase in the share of equipment and machinery will result, all things being equal, in a reduction of the average energy intensity of manufacturing.

Energy intensities by branch (EU)