Relative levels of energy intensities by branch (machinery = 1) in the EU

  • Primary metals, the most energy intensive branch, require around 25 times more energy to produce one unit of value added than machinery, the branch with the lowest intensity (machinery =1 in the graph).
  • Non metallic minerals are 18 times more intensive and paper 16 times. 
  • A reduction in the share of energy intensive branches in the industrial value added with an increase in the share of equipment and machinery will result, all things being equal, in a reduction of the average energy intensity of manufacturing. 

Energy intensities by branch (EU)