Relative levels of energy intensities by branch (machinery = 1) in the EU
- Primary metals, the most energy intensive branch, require around 25 times more energy to produce one unit of value added than machinery, the branch with the lowest intensity (machinery =1 in the graph).
- Non metallic minerals are 18 times more intensive and paper 16 times.
- A reduction in the share of energy intensive branches in the industrial value added with an increase in the share of equipment and machinery will result, all things being equal, in a reduction of the average energy intensity of manufacturing.
Energy intensities by branch (EU)