Slower energy efficiency progress in industry since 2007
- Energy efficiency index in industry is calculated as a weighted average of sub-sectoral indices of energy efficiency progress at the level of 10 branches:
• 4 main branches: chemicals, food, textile and equipment goods;
• 3 energy intensive branches: steel, cement and pulp and paper
• 3 residual branches: other primary metals (i.e. primary metals minus steel), other non-metallic minerals (i.e. non-metallic minerals minus cement) and printing. This index is corrected from the apparent loss of energy efficiency due to the recession and corresponds to a technical index.
- Sub-sectoral indices are expressed in terms of energy used per ton produced for energy intensive products (steel, cement and paper) and in terms of energy used related to the production index for the other branches.
Energy efficiency index by branch (EU)
- Energy efficiency in EU industry improved by 1.2%/year on average since 2000.
- The energy efficiency improvement rate has been twice slower since 2007 (0.8%/year) than between 2000 and 2007 (1.8%/year) because of a slower progress in some branches and even no more energy efficiency improvement for others because of the recession (e.g. cement, machinery, steel).
- Since 2007, the deterioration of energy efficiency is observed in almost all countries due to the recession.
Energy efficiency trends in industry in EU countries (2000-2017)
Energy efficiency trends in industry in EU countries (2007-2017)