Impact of structural changes on industry intensity

Structural changes had a significant impact in intensity reduction between 2000 and 2007 but this impact is marginal since then.

  • Energy intensity at constant structure reflects the variation of the energy intensity assuming a constant structure of value added, between the various branches or sub-branches, so as to leave out the influence of structural changes.
  • The difference in the variations of the intensity and the intensity at constant structure measures the effect of structural changes.
  • For the period 2000-2017, structural changes explain around 14% of the intensity decrease (34% during the years 2000-2007, less than 5% since then). 

Intensity trends and structural changes in manufacturing (EU)