Energy efficiency trends in steel industry

  • There is an apparent deterioration of energy efficiency in steel production since 2007 in half of countries, as shown by the increase in the specific consumption per ton of steel: this is mainly a result of the deep recession in this sector due to the economic crisis. At EU level, the specific consumption of steel is stable since 2007.
  • Decreasing specific consumption over years for the other countries: Poland, Austria, Italy, Finland, Sweden, UK and Czech Republic.
  • Different performances, partly explained by the share of the electric process, the less intensive process, in steel production are visible across countries.

Specific consumption of steel

The energy performance of the steel industry should be considered in relation to the share of electric steel: the higher this ratio, the lower the specific consumption. For Slovenia, Portugal, Italy and Spain, the high share of electric process can explain part of the low specific consumption.

Ratio electric steel / total steel production in EU countries