Consumption by mode

  • While the share of road transport has increased since 2000 (+1.8 percentage points), the share of rail and water has decreased (from 2.8% in 2000 to 1.9% in 2021 for rail and from 2% in 2000 to 1.5% in 2021 for water transport). 
  • The share of domestic air transport was stable around 2.1% between 2000 and 2019 and then fell in 2020 to 1.2% due to travel restrictions put in place to face COVID crisis. It increased to 1.6% in 2021.

Energy consumption by mode (EU)

Share of energy consumption by mode (EU)