Consumption by mode

  • Stable distribution of the energy consumption by mode since 2000 at EU level, road representing around 82% of transport consumption.
  • Air consumption (including international aviation) has increased significantly since 2013 (3.6%/year) due to the economic growth rebound. To a lesser extent, road transport has increased again also (1.8%/year).
  • Road and air consumption have decreased similarly between 2007 and 2013 (-1.5%/year and -1.3%/year respectively) due to 2 main factors: low economic growth and more efficient vehicles and planes.

Energy consumption by mode (EU)

Share of energy consumption by mode (EU)