Drivers of transport consumption

  • At EU level, the energy consumption of transport was 25 Mtoe higher in 2019 than in 2000. Increase in traffic of passenger and goods ("activity effect") contributed to increase this consumption (by 49 Mtoe).
  • This effect was counterbalanced by energy savings (i.e. change in the efficiency of cars, trucks, airplanes, etc.) which contributed to decrease the energy consumption by around 30 Mtoe.
  • The impact of modal shifts, i.e. changes in the share of transport mode in the total traffic, was limited but contributed to increase consumption by 6 Mtoe.
  • Other effects (behavioral and operational effects) were negligible 1 Mtoe.

Drivers of energy consumption variation in transport at EU level