• The energy consumption of transport grew by 9.3% in 2021, reaching 277 Mtoe at EU level. It follows a sharp decrease in 2020 (-13%) due to the impacts of COVID crisis. Previously, it grew from 2014 to 2019 with the economic growth rebound (+1.7%/year), which contrasts with the previous period impacted by the economic crisis (-1.5%/year from 2007 to 2013). 
  • In 2021, the energy consumption of transport of the EU was 5% below its pre-COVID level and 5% above its 2000 level.

Energy consumption trends in transport in the EU

Energy consumption of transport in selected countries