Heating consumption per m2
- Decreasing heating consumption per m2 or per dwelling in most countries thanks to the implementation of tightening building codes, coupled with financial incentives to promote thermal retrofitting of existing dwellings and the adoption of more efficient heating systems (e.g. gas condensing boilers, heat pumps, pellet boilers).
- Large discrepancy among countries from less than 5 koe/m2 in Spain, Portugal and Malta to 15-18 koe/m2 in Latvia, Hungary and Estonia, due to the different climatic conditions.
- The energy consumption per dwelling decreased less than he consumption per m2 because of an increase in the average dwelling size (-1.5%/year for the consumption per dwelling and - 1.9%/year for the consumption per m2 at EU level as the dwelling size increased by 6% since 2000): this means that 20% of the energy efficiency progress for heating at EU level has been offset by the larger size of dwellings . This phenomenon was especially important in the less developed EU MS (e.g. Romania or Lithuania).
Heating consumption per m²
Heating consumption per dwelling
Average consumption per m² vs consumption per dwelling: effect of change in dwelling size
Note: Energy consumption at normal climate (e.g. climate corrected).