Electricity consumption per dwelling

  • Very unequal level of electricity consumption per household: from around 2000 kWh in Romania, Poland and Baltic countries, around 4000 kWh for the EU average to 8,000-10,000 kWh in Finland and Sweden, and even 16,000 kWh in Norway.
  • Heterogeneity due to thermal uses (e.g. electricity main source of space heating in some countries, such as in France, Norway) , different level of appliance ownership and energy efficiency.

Electricity consumption per dwelling

Note: Norway, which is not included in the graph, shows an energy consumption of 16000 kWh/dwelling in 2015.


  • Since 2008, decrease of the electricity consumption per household in 16 countries and at EU level (-0.4%/year);
  • Strong reduction in Portugal, Cyprus, Croatia and Ireland (> 2%/year);
  • Strong progression until 2008  in  Southern countries (e.g. Spain, Greece, Bulgaria) due to air conditioning or Finland, Luxembourg, Romania.

Trends in electricity consumption per dwelling