Electricity consumption per dwelling

  • Very unequal level of electricity consumption per dwelling: from 1.7 MWh in Romania, to 3.7 MWh for the EU average, 5.4 MWh in France, to 9.5 MWh in Sweden, and even 17 MWh in Norway.
  • Heterogeneity partly due to thermal uses (e.g. electricity main source of space heating in some countries, such as in France and Norway), different equipment rates of electrical appliances and different levels of energy efficiency.

Electricity consumption per dwelling


  • Since 2008, decrease of electricity consumption per dwelling in 22 countries and at EU level (-0.6%/year).
  • Strong reduction in Cyprus, Ireland, UK, Germany and Belgium (> 1.4%/year).
  • Strong progression until 2008 in Southern countries (e.g. Spain, Portugal, Cyprus) due to air conditioning, but also in Lithuania, Latvia, Poland or Estonia.

Trends in electricity consumption per dwelling