Last update November 2021
EU refers to the EU27
Average energy consumption per dwelling
- Energy consumption per dwelling has decreased in almost all countries (-1%/year at EU level since 2000) with the largest reduction between 2008 and 2014 in most countries.
- Since 2014, the reduction has slowed down significantly at EU level (-0.2%/year). Energy consumption per dwelling has even increased again in Slovakia, Cyprus, Germany, Bulgaria, Romania and Ireland (>+1%/year).
- Energy consumption per dwelling varies between 0.7 and 1.8 toe/dwelling depending on the country, and the EU average is 1.3 toe/dwelling in 2019. These values are not adjusted for the same climate, see below with adjustment.
Average consumption per dwelling (at normal climate)
Variation of average consumption per dwelling (at normal climate)
- The comparison between countries is more relevant if the heating consumption is adjusted to the same climate (EU average climate).
- Even after adjustment to the average EU climate, there are large differences between countries, ranging from 0.9 toe/dwelling in Portugal to 2.5 times more in Luxembourg (2.3 toe/dwelling). Luxembourg, Croatia, Belgium and Italy turn out to have the highest consumption.
Average consumption per dwelling (adjusted to EU climate, 2019)
Note: Malta and Cyprus not adjusted.