Last update February 2021
EU still refers to the EU28
Average energy consumption per dwelling
- Decreasing energy consumption per dwelling in almost all countries (-1.1%/year at EU level since 2000).
- Stronger reduction between 2008 and 2014 in most countries (-2.3%/year at EU level). Very low reduction since 2014 at EU level (-0.03%/year) and significant increase in Cyprus, Ireland, Germany and Bulgaria.
- Values in a range of 0.8 to 1.8 toe/dwelling, 1.3 toe/dwelling for the EU average in 2018 (values not adjusted to the same climate, see below with adjustment).
Average consumption per dwelling (at normal climate)
Variation of average consumption per dwelling (at normal climate)
- The comparison between countries is more relevant if the heating consumption is adjusted to the same climate (EU average).
- Even after adjustment to the EU average climate, there are large disparities among countries, ranging from 0.9 toe/dwelling in Portugal to 2.5 times more in Luxembourg (2.6 toe/dw). Luxembourg, Belgium, Italy and Hungary turn out to have the highest consumption.
- Energy consumption per dwelling is decreasing in all countries since 2000 (-1.1%/year at EU level), except in Bulgaria, Poland, Hungary and Italy.
Average consumption per dwelling (adjusted to EU climate, 2018)
Note: Malta and Cyprus not adjusted.