Energy consumption of large appliances per dwelling

  • EU households’ consumption for small appliances grew by 140% between 2000 and 2021 (1091 kWh/dwelling in 2021, 857kWh/dwelling in 2010 and 453 kWh/dwelling in 2000). On the opposite, specific consumption of large appliances decreased by 32% over the same period, thanks to labels and standards.
  • Small appliances currently account for the largest share of appliance consumption: 58% of the specific consumption of appliances in 2021 compared to 46% in 2010 and 28% in 2000.
  • Energy efficiency of large electrical appliances is improving rapidly. However, this improvement no longer compensates for the fast-growing consumption of small appliances.

Consumption of electrical appliances in the EU