Energy efficiency trends of final consumers

  • Energy efficiency of final consumers improved by 1.1%/year between 2000 and 2019, with a net slowdown since 2014 (0.7%/year, compared to 1.2%/year between 2000 and 2014).
  • The largest gains are for households (1.8%/year), although progress has been halved since 2014 (1.1%/year against 2%/year previously).
  • A similar slowdown is visible for industry since the economic crisis (0.8%/year since 2008 against 1.5%/year previously).
  • Regular but limited improvement in transport (0.6%/year), with a progression twice slower since 2014 (0.4%/year) than over 2007-2014 (0.9%/year) because of no more progress for cars (penetration of SUV and reverse trend for dieselisation).
  • Energy efficiency in services has improved at an average pace of 1%/year since 2010.

    Energy efficiency trends of final consumers (EU)

    • In most countries, energy efficiency has been progressing much slower over 2014-2019 compared to the period 2000-2014. Only Italy is improving faster since 2014.
    • Romania, Slovenia, Italy and the Netherlands show the steadiest progress since 2014, higher than 1.3%/year, compared to the EU average of 0.7%/year.

    Energy efficiency trends of final consumers (All countries)