Last update February 2021
EU still refers to the EU28
Adjusted energy intensities
- After adjustment for differences in general price levels, by converting GDP at purchasing power parities (ppp), final intensities decrease for countries with low prices, such as Central Eastern or southern countries, which narrows the gap among EU countries : for instance, the adjusted intensity is more than twice lower than the observed one in Bulgaria and Romania and around 60% lower in Lithuania, Hungary and Poland.
Final energy intensities at ppp in 2018 (normal climate)
Some of the differences observed in the final energy intensity levels after ppp corrections can again be adjusted to account for some other quantifiable national characteristics, such as the climate and the structure of economic and industrial activities. This new adjustment, at EU average economic structure and climate, makes the comparison of final energy intensities more meaningful and narrow the gap between countries.