Last update November 2021
EU refers to the EU27
Final consumption by energy (EU)
- Increasing share for electricity (from 20% in 2000 to 23% in 2019) and renewable (from 5% to 10%).
- Decreasing share for oil (from 42% in 2000 to 37% in 2019), for gas (from 23% to 22%) and for coal (6% to 4%).
- Stable share for heat (4.5% in 2000, 4.9% in 2019).
Fuel mix in the EU
Oil is the main energy source consumed by final consumers in the EU, except in the Netherlands (main energy is gas), Finland and Sweden (main energy is electricity).