GDP and energy intensity

  • Increasing final energy intensity when GDP growth falls under 2% : part of final consumption is not dependant on GDP; 2009 did not follow that trend because of deep structural changes in industry (greater contraction of activity in energy intensive branches).
  • The highest the economic growth, the more rapid the decrease of the intensity; again, this did not happen in 2010 for instance as the significant rebound of activity was accompanied by an increase in the energy intensity.

GDP and final energy intensity growth (EU)

Note: Final energy intensity at normal climate