Primary and final energy intensities trends in the EU (normal climate)

  • Since 2000,  the primary intensity decreased faster than the final intensity in most EU countries as well as in the EU as a whole due to decreasing losses in the power sector (increase in thermal generation efficiency, more renewables, import increase etc).
  • Reverse trend in 4 EU countries and Norway, due to specific factors (e.g. increasing share of non-energy uses in The Netherlands, decreasing share of hydro in Sweden and Norway). 


Primary and final energy intensities trends in the EU (normal climate)

Primary and final energy intensities trends (2000-2017)


Note: Energy consumption at normal climate