Primary and final energy intensities trends in the EU (normal climate)

  • Since 2000,  the primary intensity decreased faster than the final intensity in most EU countries as well as in the EU as a whole due to decreasing losses in the power sector (increase in thermal generation efficiency, more renewables, import increase etc).
  • Reverse trend in 5 EU countries, due to specific factors (e.g. increasing share of non-energy uses in The Netherlands, decreasing share of hydro in Sweden). 


Primary and final energy intensities trends in the EU (normal climate)

Primary and final energy intensities trends (2000-2018)


Note: Energy consumption at normal climate