Last update November 2021
EU refers to the EU27
Primary consumption and GDP
- Stagnation of primary consumption (at normal climate) since 2014 (increase of less than 0.1%/year), although GDP increased by 2.2%/year.
- This follows a decrease of 1.6%/year between 2007 and 2014.
- Regular and rapid decrease in primary energy intensity since 2007 (-1.8%/year), with a more rapid decrease over 2014-2019 (2%/year), slightly faster than over 2007-2014 (+0.35pt).
Primary consumption and GDP trends (normal climate) in the EU
Annual growth rate of primary consumption (normal climate) and GDP trends (EU)
Declining trend in primary consumption (at normal climate) in most countries since 2007: between -1% and -2% per year in 10 Member States and less than -2%/year in Greece.
Strong contraction of primary consumption despite rapid economic growth, implying a rapid decrease in intensity (>2.5%/year) in 7 MS: Malta, Ireland, Romania, Lithuania, Poland, Denmark and Luxembourg.