Primary consumption and GDP

  • Stagnation of primary consumption (at normal climate) since 2014 (increase of less than 0.1%/year), although GDP increased by 2.2%/year.
  • This follows a decrease of 1.6%/year between 2007 and 2014.
  • Regular and rapid decrease in primary energy intensity since 2007 (-1.8%/year), with a more rapid decrease over 2014-2019 (2%/year), slightly faster than over 2007-2014 (+0.35pt).

Primary consumption and GDP trends (normal climate) in the EU

Annual growth rate of primary consumption (normal climate) and GDP trends (EU)

  • Declining trend in primary consumption (at normal climate) in most countries since 2007: between -1% and -2% per year in 10 Member States and less than -2%/year in Greece.

  • Strong contraction of primary consumption despite rapid economic growth, implying a rapid decrease in intensity (>2.5%/year) in 7 MS: Malta, Ireland, Romania, Lithuania, Poland, Denmark and Luxembourg.

Primary consumption (normal climate) and GDP trends (2007-2019)