Drivers of final energy consumption variation

  • In 2018, the final energy consumption (1070 Mtoe) is slightly lower than in 2000 (1094 Mtoe).
  • This results from two contradictory effects, on the one hand, an activity effect (change in value added in industry, services and agriculture, in traffic in transport, in number of dwellings and appliances as well as in the size of dwellings for households) which increases the final energy consumption by 208 Mtoe;
  • On the other hand:

    o   Technical energy savings decreased the consumption by around 233 Mtoe.
    o   Structure effects (mainly in industry) had a marginal effect and contributed to decrease the consumption by 13 Mtoe;

Variation in final energy consumption (EU)