Drivers of final energy consumption variation

  • In 2019, final energy consumption (947 Mtoe) is very slightly lower than in 2000 (950 Mtoe).
  • This is the result of two contradictory effects. On the one hand, an activity effect (evolution of the value added of services and agriculture, of the production index of industry, of the traffic in transport, of the number of dwellings and their size as well as of the number of appliances used by the households) which increases the final energy consumption by 195 Mtoe.
  • On the other hand, technical energy savings reduced consumption by about 189 Mtoe.
  • Structure effects (mainly the transition to less energy-intensive branches in industry) had a marginal effect and contributed to reducing consumption by 18 Mtoe.

Variation in final energy consumption (EU)