Energy prices

  • Increasing trends for international energy prices since 2016.
  • The period 2012-2016 was marked by a significant drop in prices after the sharp rise driven by the financial crisis.
  •  In 2018, oil and gas prices are around twice as high as in 1990.

International energy prices (EU)

Source: Enerdata


  • Very rapid increase of average end-use energy prices by sector between 2000 and 2012 (around 60%).
  • Between 2012 and 2016, rapid decrease of the average energy prices for final consumers (-4.5%/year), mainly in transport (-7.5%/year for motor fuels) and  industry (-4%/year). Moderate reduction for households (-1.5%/year).

Average energy prices by sector (EU)


Source: Eurostat

Energy prices by sector (at constant prices): weighted average prices by energy (electricity, gas, fuel, coal) on the basis of energy market shares.