This report provides guidelines for member countries on how to link the variation of the final energy consumption by sector to the energy savings as calculated with top-down methods for the monitoring of the Energy Service Directive (ESD).
Therefore, this report presents a methodology of decomposition of the variation of the final energy consumption by sector into different explanatory factors, among which energy savings based on top-down indicators. Examples are given for EU as a whole to illustrate the methodology. The reason for this analysis is that although ESD is focusing on the measurement of energy savings, there is also a need to monitor the amount of energy consumed by sector as it will be the main driver of CO2 emissions in these sectors. Therefore it is important to understand the factors behind the variation of the final energy consumption.